Francesco Mattioli

Francesco Mattioli, PhD
Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnologies (IFN)
National Research Council of Italy (CNR)
via Cineto Romano 42, 00156 Rome, Italy
Phone: +39 06 41522 263
Fax: +39 06 41522 220

Google Scholar:


Quantum Computation and Quantum Information 
I attended the creation and characterization of devices for solid state implementation of a two-level system and the reading of its state in the framework of "quantum state engineering" for "quantum computation" and "quantum information". The devices exploit the properties of superconducting Josephson junctions circuits in an appropriate geometry. The manipulation of the quantum state of a single q-bit or two coupled q-bits is done by checking macroscopic quantities (currents and voltages). This work done in the framework of the project RSFQUBIT was aimed at implementation of q-bit control and measure based on RSFQ (Rapid Single Flux Quantum logic) logic.

Superconducting Single Photon Detectors (SSPD) 
Devices capable of detecting at high-frequency infrared single-photon found a natural application in interplanetary broadband communications, semiconductor circuits analysis and quantum key distribution. The SSPD are photonic devices whose operating principle is based on a combination of the superconducting properties of the material and the size of the nanoscale device. The high frequency of use, low dark count quantum efficiency that have reached with the progress of work under the project SINPHONIA make this class of devices particularly promising for technological applications. 

Bolometers and radiation detectors 
Using the techniques of micro and nanofabrication I participated in the creation and characterization of bolometers for the detection of various types of electromagnetic radiation. Among these were made hot electron bolometer (based on superconductor / insulator / normal metal junctions with size submicrometric), traditional bolometers on suspended silicon nitride membranes (spider web bolometers) and hotspots bolometers. The applications of this class of device ranges from astrophysics to security. Doped semiconductor thermometers were characterized for the implementation in spider web bolometers.

I'm using micromachining and nanofabrication techniques to create the shuttering element of a time of flight neutral particle analyzer for the ELENA instrument in the project SERENA thatwas recently selected by ESA to participate in the scientific mission to Mercury BepiColombo. 

Single Electron Transistor (SET) 
I have realized and characterized at low temperature single electron transistor based on sub micrometric Superconducting / insulator / superconductor junctions for the study of the physics of mesoscopic systems and their application in quantum engineering. 


Divochiy, A., Marsili, F., Bitauld, D., Gaggero, A., Leoni, R., Mattioli, F., Korneev, A., Seleznev, V., Kaurova, N., Minaeva, O., Gol'Tsman, G., Lagoudakis, K.G., Benkhaoul, M., Lévy, F., Fiore, A.
Superconducting nanowire photon-number-resolving detector at telecommunication wavelengths
(2008) Nature Photonics, 2 (5), pp. 302-306.
DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2008.51

Sprengers, J.P., Gaggero, A., Sahin, D., Jahanmirinejad, S., Frucci, G., Mattioli, F., Leoni, R., Beetz, J., Lermer, M., Kamp, M., Hfling, S., Sanjines, R., Fiore, A.
Waveguide superconducting single-photon detectors for integrated quantum photonic circuits
(2011) Applied Physics Letters, 99 (18), art. no. 181110.
DOI: 10.1063/1.3657518

Ejrnaes, M., Cristiano, R., Quaranta, O., Pagano, S., Gaggero, A., Mattioli, F., Leoni, R., Voronov, B., Gol'Tsman, G.
A cascade switching superconducting single photon detector
(2007) Applied Physics Letters, 91 (26), art. no. 262509.
DOI: 10.1063/1.2828138

Gaggero, A., Nejad, S.J., Marsili, F., Mattioli, F., Leoni, R., Bitauld, D., Sahin, D., Hamhuis, G.J., Nötzel, R., Sanjines, R., Fiore, A.
Nanowire superconducting single-photon detectors on GaAs for integrated quantum photonic applications
(2010) Applied Physics Letters, 97 (15), art. no. 151108.
DOI: 10.1063/1.3496457

Marsili, F., Bitauld, D., Fiore, A., Gaggero, A., Mattioli, F., Leoni, R., Benkahoul, M., Lévy, F.
High efficiency NbN nanowire superconducting single photon detectors fabricated on MgO substrates from a low temperature process
(2008) Optics Express, 16 (5), pp. 3191-3196.

Renema, J.J., Gaudio, R., Wang, Q., Zhou, Z., Gaggero, A., Mattioli, F., Leoni, R., Sahin, D., De Dood, M.J.A., Fiore, A., Van Exter, M.P.
Experimental test of theories of the detection mechanism in a nanowire superconducting single photon detector
(2014) Physical Review Letters, 112 (11), art. no. 117604.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.117604

Marsili, F., Bitauld, D., Gaggero, A., Jahanmirinejad, S., Leoni, R., Mattioli, F., Fiore, A.
Physics and application of photon number resolving detectors based on superconducting parallel nanowires
(2009) New Journal of Physics, 11, art. no. 045022.
DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/11/4/045022

Mattioli, F., Leoni, R., Gaggero, A., Castellano, M.G., Carelli, P., Marsili, F., Fiore, A.
Electrical characterization of superconducting single-photon detectors
(2007) Journal of Applied Physics, 101 (5), art. no. 054302.
DOI: 10.1063/1.2709527

Jahanmirinejad, S., Frucci, G., Mattioli, F., Sahin, D., Gaggero, A., Leoni, R., Fiore, A.
Photon-number resolving detector based on a series array of superconducting nanowires
(2012) Applied Physics Letters, 101 (7), art. no. 072602.
DOI: 10.1063/1.4746248

Bitauld, D., Marsili, F., Gaggero, A., Mattioli, F., Leoni, R., Nejad, S.J., Lévy, F., Fiore, A.
Nanoscale optical detector with single-photon and multiphoton sensitivity
(2010) Nano Letters, 10 (8), pp. 2977-2981.
DOI: 10.1021/nl101411h

F Mattioli, Z Zhou, A Gaggero, R Gaudio, R Leoni, A Fiore
Photon-counting and analog operation of a 24-pixel photon number resolving detector based on superconducting nanowires
(2016) Optics express 24 (8), 9067-9076

Q Wang, JJ Renema, A Gaggero, F Mattioli, R Leoni, MP van Exter, MJA de Dood
How noise affects quantum detector tomography
(2016) Journal of Applied Physics 118 (13), 134501

Francesco Mattioli, Zili Zhou, Alessandro Gaggero, Rosalinda Gaudio, Saeedeh Jahanmirinejad, Döndü Sahin, Francesco Marsili, Roberto Leoni, Andrea Fiore.
Photon-number-resolving superconducting nanowire detectors
(2016) Superconductor Science and Technology 28 (10), 104001

Sahin, D., Gaggero, A., Weber, J.-W., Agafonov, I., Verheijen, M.A., Mattioli, F., Beetz, J., Kamp, M., Hofling, S., Van De Sanden, M.C.M., Leoni, R., Fiore, A.
Waveguide nanowire superconducting single-photon detectors fabricated on GaAs and the study of their optical properties
(2015) IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 21 (2), art. no. 6905769, .
DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2014.2359539

Zhou, Z., Jahanmirinejad, S., Mattioli, F., Sahin, D., Frucci, G., Gaggero, A., Leoni, R., Fiore, A.
Superconducting series nanowire detector counting up to twelve photons
(2014) Optics Express, 22 (3), pp. 3475-3489.
DOI: 10.1364/OE.22.003475

Sahin, D., Gaggero, A., Zhou, Z., Jahanmirinejad, S., Mattioli, F., Leoni, R., Beetz, J., Lermer, M., Kamp, M., Höfling, S., Fiore, A.
Waveguide photon-number-resolving detectors for quantum photonic integrated circuits
(2013) Applied Physics Letters, 103 (11), art. no. 111116.
DOI: 10.1063/1.4820842

Limaj, O., Ortolani, M., Giliberti, V., Di Gaspare, A., Mattioli, F., Lupi, S.
Field distribution and quality factor of surface plasmon resonances of metal meshes for mid-infrared sensing
(2013) Plasmonics, 8 (2), pp. 851-858.
DOI: 10.1007/s11468-013-9482-5

Renema, J.J., Frucci, G., Zhou, Z., Mattioli, F., Gaggero, A., Leoni, R., De Dood, M.J.A., Fiore, A., Van Exter, M.P.
Universal response curve for nanowire superconducting single-photon detectors
(2013) Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 87 (17), art. no. 174526.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.174526

Sahin, D., Gaggero, A., Hoang, T.B., Frucci, G., Mattioli, F., Leoni, R., Beetz, J., Lermer, M., Kamp, M., Höfling, S., Fiore, A.
Integrated autocorrelator based on superconducting nanowires
(2013) Optics Express, 21 (9), pp. 11162-11170.
DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.011162